The 27-members of the European Union have agreed that the organization will embargo all imports of Syrian crude oil and petroleum products, including the financing and insurance in the shipping of oil from Syria. Europe is the largest market for Syrian oil, accounting for 95% of Syria’s exports. Oil is also one of Syria’s key exports, accounting for approximately 25% of its national income.
Syria has two ports where petroleum products are handled:
- Banias Oil Terminal – has six submarine oil pipelines extending from the coast, loading and off-loading crude oil and petroleum products. Approximately 330 vessels visit the port annually with a capability to load tankers up to 130,000 DWT and to discharge tankers up to 97,000 DWT.
- Tartous – has two berths for loading heavy crude oil. Tartous can handle tankers up to 120,000 DWT. Loading at Tartous is by gravity and the rate depends on the height of tank and level of oil in the tank as well as tanker itself.
Of course one of the difficulties with imposing such sanctions is the ability to monitor the arrival, departure, and subsequent port calls for tankers that have visited either of these two Syrian ports.
Since sanctions have been in place, AIS tracking has shown that there have been three petroleum product carrying tankers that have called to Syria.
1) Cyprus Flagged, Chemical/Oil Product Tanker, MOUNT ROBSON departed Banias Sep 7th and declared its next destination as Limassol, Cyprus. It has been anchored in Limassol Port since Sep 12th.
2) Panamanian Flagged, Chemical Tanker, NORNA N departed Tartous Sep 7th and declared its next destination as Mersin, Turkey and is currently carried by AIS in port Mersin.
3) Panamanian Flagged, LPG Tanker, GAZ CENTURY departed Banias Sep 7th arrived at Limassol anchorage Sep 8th, departed anchorage on Sep 9th and has declared its next destination as Sarroch, Italy
Monitoring vessel movements via AIS tracking does not provide the complete story for Sanctions Monitoring but it allows agencies, organizations, and national authorities a place to start to ensure that their interests stay aligned with the group, in this case the European Union.
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©GreenLine Systems, Inc. 2011. Reuse of this information is permitted so long as the following is acknowledged in any reuse: The above information does not demonstrate that any vessel, crew or charterer, or other owner or user of the above vessels has violated any set of sanctions imposed against any country or group of countries by any country, group of countries or other geopolitical organization.